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ID 22790
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Effects of Subject-performed Tasks on Memory of Verbal Phrases in Japanese as a Second Language
著者
中原 郷子
キーワード
action events
subject-performed tasks (SPTs)
enactment effect
Japanese as a second language
行為事象
被験者実演課題
行為実演効果
第二言語としての日本語
NDC
教育
日本語
抄録(英)
Previous studies have shown that motor encoding of verbal phrases facilitates recall or recognition performance comparing with verbal or imagery encoding. This phenomenon is called Subject-performed tasks (SPTs) effect. Although many researches confirm the effect under various conditions, most of the research covers first language (L1) of the participants. An experimental study was conducted to examine whether motor Encoding is superior to verbal or imagery encoding even in second language (L2). The participants were twelve college students learning Japanese as a second language in Japan. They were all in the first level of The Japanese-Language Proficiency Test. The participants were asked to encode three lists of verbal phrases presented visually on a monitor. Three conditions were used as encoding tasks. Under the SPT condition, the participants enacted the denoted action. Under the imagery task (IT) condition, the participants drew visual images of someone, as though they were really watching him or her performing the action in front of them. Under the verbal task (VT) condition, the participants wrote down the verbal phrases shown on a monitor. They were required to recall freely the verbal phrases by writing after learning each list. An incidental recognition test was adopted after three free-recall tests. As a result, there was significant SPTs effect in free recall test, but there was no encoding effect in recognition test. It was suggested that the SPTs effect were observed even in L2. However, recall performance of SPT condition was not superior to that of IT condition. There results were discussed from the view point of the function of motor system on memory representation.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
56号
開始ページ
251
終了ページ
257
出版年月日
2007-12-28
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
ISSN
1346-5554
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
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