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The relations between amae as a social behavior of Japanese college students and cultural construal of self
interdependent construal of self
independent construal of self
Amae has been discussed as a social behavior of Japanese people. The authors reviewed an antecedent study which developed amae scale and indicated the problems of amae questionnaire of the study and developed new amae questionnaire which consisted 2 subscale11 iitem structure whose subscales were "sunaona-amae" and "kussetusita-amae". Results of αcoeffncient, confirmatory factor analysis, and k-s test demonstrated each internal consistency factorial validity, and normal distribution of two subscales and whole amae questionnaire (study1). Correlation between "sunaona-amae" subscale and affiliation motives, and between "kussetusita-amae" subscale and anger demonstrated the validity of two subscales(study 2). "Sunaona-amae" subscale and "kussetusita-amae" subscale positively correlated with interdependent construal of self and negatively correlated with independent construal of self. It was demonstrated that the amae was a aspect of interdependent construal of self by the factor analysis which indicated "sunaona-amae", "kussetusita-amae", and interdependent construal of self were same factor and independent construal of self was another factor (study 3). Finally, the use likelihood of the amae questionnaire was discussed.
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