The Selective Arterial Calcium Injection Test is a Valid Diagnostic Method for Invisible Gastrinoma with Duodenal Ulcer Stenosis : A Case Report
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Selective arterial calcium injection test
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
The localization and diagnosis of microgastrinomas in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 is difficult preoperatively. The selective arterial calcium injection (SACI) test is a valid diagnostic method for the preoperative diagnosis of these invisible microgastrinomas. We report a rare case of multiple invisible duodenal microgastrinomas with severe duodenal stenosis diagnosed preoperatively by using the SACI test. A 50-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with recurrent duodenal ulcers. His serum gastrin level was elevated to 730 pg/ml. It was impossible for gastrointestinal endoscopy to pass through to visualize the inferior part of the duodenum, because recurrent duodenal ulcers had resulted in severe duodenal stenosis. The duodenal stenosis also prevented additional endoscopic examinations such as endoscopic ultrasonography. Computed tomography did not show any tumors in the duodenum and pancreas. The SACI test provided the evidence for a gastrinoma in the vascular territory of the inferior pancreatic-duodenal artery. We diagnosed a gastrinoma in the peri- ampullary lesion, so we performed Subtotal Stomach-Preserving Pancreatico- duodenectomy with regional lymphadenectomy. Histopathological findings showed multiple duodenal gastrinomas with lymph node metastasis and nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Twenty months after surgery, the patient is alive with no evidence of recurrence and a normal gastrin level. In conclusion, the SACI test can enhance the accuracy of preoperative localization and diagnosis of invisible microgastrinomas, especially in the setting of severe duodenal stenosis.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press
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