Comparative Study of Cerebral Protection during Surgery of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
HiroshimaJMedSci_41_31.pdf 367 KB
Ascending and arch aortic aneurysm
Selective cerebral perfusion
Retrograde cerebral perfusion
During the past 5 years, 30 cases of thoracic aortic aneurysm were treated. Selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) and retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) were conducted for cerebral protection during aortic cross clamping. SCP was carried out in 5 cases of dissecting aneurysm (all Stanford type A, including a case of AAE) and 3 cases of arch aneurysm. RCP was conducted in 5 cases of dissecting aneurysm (4 Stanford type A; 1 Stanford type B with retrograde dissection) and 2 cases of aortic arch aneurysm. The mean cerebral perfusion time of SCP exceeded that of RCP (89 ± 26 min in SCP versus 61 ± 33 min in RCP p < 0.05). The hospital mortality rate was 38 % (SCP) and 29% (RCP). Neurological complications were prolonged unconsciousness (1/8 in SCP, 1/7 in RCP) and transient paralysis (0/8 in SCP, 1/7 in RCP). Although the mechanism for the cerebral protective effect of RCP is unknown, this perfusion method is easy and safe, requiring little time for ascending and/or arch aortic reconstruction.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press