Towards An Integrated Fire Management Framework Using Space-Based Application In Asia-Pacific Region <Article>
JIDC_18-1_55.pdf 936 KB
Tiwaree, Ram S.
Lee, Khiam Jin
Lee, Han Soo
The integrated fire management framework using space-based application has been developed to reduce the consequences of fire disaster, particularly in developing countries, least developed countries (LDCs), small island developing states (SIDs) and land-locked developing countries (LLDCs) in Asia and the Pacific. Since 1982/1983 and 1997/1998, the two recorded forest fires in the world created much suffering in Asia and the Pacific region, while the resulting transboundary atmospheric pollutant and increasing CO2 emissions contribute to global warming. Fire disasters continue to frequently occur. Therefore the framework to strengthen the effective production and utilization of space information products and services for integrated fire management is much needed. The framework in the study consists of: (1) intensifying risk identification; (2) enhancing risk processing; (3) strengthening risk information transfer, evaluation, and reduction; and (4) promoting regional and international cooperation. The complex framework is derived from lessons learned from grassland and forest fires that severely hit countries in Asia and the Pacific, namely The Russian Federation, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, China, Mongolia, and Nepal. All of which highlight the need for improved usage of space information products and services.