小学校通常の学級における学級活動の実践 : 「話合い活動」での言動分析を通して
HiroshimaJSchEduc_23_131.pdf 708 KB
Practice of classroom activity in elementary school: Through the speech and behavior analysis of "classroom meeting"
speech and behavior analysis
In this study, the verbatim record was made and analyzed from the video recording of "classroom meeting" with regular class of an elementary school. In this school, the class development of "classroom meeting" is united in the whole school, and it is composed of 〈The opinion is pooled〉〈The opinion is compared〉and 〈The opinion is decided 〉scenes of the agenda. Four categories of "Reciprocal", "Creative", "Represented", and "Supplementary" speech and behavior were generated from the verbatim record of classroom meetings in class 1 and 2 of the fourth grades. As a result of analyzing these verbatim record, the number of “Reciprocal speech and behavior” was significantly more than other speech and behavior in 〈The opinion is pooled〉scene, and the number of “Creative speech and behavior” was significantly more than other speech and behavior in 〈The opinion is compared〉scene. From these results, it was suggested that children were doing speech and behavior considering their belonging groups in 〈The opinion is pooled〉scene, and in 〈The opinion is compared〉scene, they were doing an independent, constructive thinking activity.