TWO-DIMENSIONAL ELECTROPHORETIC ANALYSIS OF MYOPROTEINS IN DEVELOPING RAT SKELETAL MUSCLE
two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
myosin light chain
Changes in myoproteins during development of rat skeletal muscle were investigated using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. In M. soleus (SOL) which in adult, is composed predolninantly of slow twitch fibers, fast type myosin light chains(fLC)were the major species and slow type light chains (sLC) were the minor species at birth. During development, the replacement rate of fLC to SLC sequentially occurred so that LC patterns at 21 days postpartum were similar to adult where fLC were difficult to visualize. In contrast, M. extensor digitorum . longus (EDL) always contained dominant fLC although SLC were found only for 5～ 9 days. LC 3 f became detectable at 5 days and gradually increased. In α-tropomyosin there were isozymes of fast and slow type based on difference in molecular weight, but not in β-tropomyosin. Changes in isozymes of α-tropomyosin approxhuately corresponded with that in isozymes (fast and slow type) of LC in both EDL and SOL. During adult stage following birth, in EDL creatine kinase underwent a three-fold increase in molecular ratio to actin, whereas in SOL there was little change though increase took place transiently. These results suggest that with development many myoproteins change more dramatically in slow muscle than in fast muscle, and that transitions in LC isozymes and changes in distribution of histochemically typed muscle fibers may follow different time courses.
体力科学 : Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine