Intestinal absorption of the wheat allergen gliadin in rats
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Background: Aspirin enhances food allergy symptoms by increasing absorption of ingested allergens. The objective of this study is to elucidate the role of aspirin in facilitating intestinal absorption of the wheat allergen, gliadin, in rats.
Methods: Plasma concentrations of gliadin were determined after oral administration by gavage or administration into a closed intestinal loop in rats. We used an in situ intestinal re-circulating perfusion experiment to examine the effect of pepsin on aspirin-facilitated gliadin absorption. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled dextran-40 (FD-40) was used as a marker of non-specific absorption. The molecular size of gliadin and its allergenicity in plasma were examined using immunoblot analysis and intradermal reaction tests with Evans blue dye (EBD) extravasation, respectively.
Results: Aspirin increased plasma concentrations of gliadin after oral administration but had no effect in the closed intestinal loop study. An in situ intestinal re-circulating perfusion study showed that FITC-labeled gliadin was absorbed similarly to FD-40. Aspirin increased absorption of both intact and pepsin-digested gliadin, with a more significant effect on absorption of pepsin-treated gliadin. Immunoblotting showed that most gliadin was absorbed in intact form. When the gliadin fraction was extracted from rat plasma after gavage and injected intradermally into gliadin-sensitized rats, EBD extravasation was observed at injection sites in a gliadin dose-dependent manner.
Conclusions: Aspirin increased the absorption of intact and pepsin-digested gliadin via the paracellular pathway, maintaining their allergenicity. Moreover, the effect of aspirin on gliadin absorption was enhanced by modification and digestion of gliadin in the stomach.
This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (No. 16K08371).
Japanese Society of Allergology
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