このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 36650
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Email Speech Style of Japanese Learners : The Differential Use of "Masen" and "Naidesu"
著者
岡崎 渉
稲吉 真子
蘇 振軍
谷口 愛保
キーワード
“masen” and “naidesu”
Japanese learners
Japanese in e-mail
「ません」と「ないです」
日本語学習者
メールの日本語
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
Both “masen” and “naidesu” are the polite negative ending forms of a Japanese sentence. However, native speakers of Japanese will adjust accordingly between the two words depending on formality, part of speech used and medium chosen. Nonetheless, differences in usage are hardly taught in the classroom. Moreover, Japanese textbooks for learners usually introduce one of the two forms in each part of speech. From this, a question arises: How do Japanese learners distinguish between these two forms? This research investigates the different usages of the two Japanese negative forms “masen” and “naidesu” by Japanese learners. Advanced-level Japanese learners in Japan were asked to fill in the blanks of two questionnaires. The setting was to write an email to their teacher and a senior who was one year older than themselves respectively. The results show that learners tend to make different use of the two forms with regard to hierarchal relations with whom they write to and the part of speech conjugated just like native speakers of Japanese. However, some learners only wrote “naidesu” after I-adjectives, while some others did not seem to use the two forms separately according to hierarchal relations. The results indicate that those learners did not have a definite distinction between the two forms unlike Japanese natives. Previous research has indicated that Japanese natives use “naidesu” frequently in spoken language, especially with I-adjectives. This research, on the other hand, shows that the natives avoid “naidesu” even with I-adjectives when they write emails to their seniors. In conclusion, the importance to teach Japanese learners the difference in usage between “masen” and “naidesu” is asserted in this research.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
63号
開始ページ
219
終了ページ
224
出版年月日
2014-12-19
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
ISSN
1346-5554
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
他の一覧