小流域での流出土砂量とそれに対する砂防施設の役割 : 特にダム堆砂勾配について
KJ00000197178.pdf 1.02 MB
Role of the sabo facilities to the sediment discharge in the small basins, especially on the sediment gradient at a sabo-dam
It is important that both of the hard and soft counterplans function well for the prevention of sediment disaster. However, the hard counterplans, for example, sabo-dams are not exactly understood about their role and effect. The author tried to make clear the role, the effect and the limit of sabo-dam for the prevention of disaster with the manual made by the Ministry of Construction and some case studies. From the case studies, the followings became clear. In the northwestern district of Hiroshima Prefecture, where the author had investigated and collected the data, the catchment area of torrent, where debris flow had occurred, and the sediment discharge of unit area were common. However, the proportion of the sediment gradient to the original bed gradient was smaller than the standard arranged by the Ministry of Construction. Though the sabo-dams functioned according to the plan, the number and the scale of the sabo-dams were not enough for the prevention of sediment disaster.
広島大学総合科学部紀要. IV, 理系編