Inhibition of Virus-like Particle Release of Sendai virus and Nipah virus, but not that of Mumps virus, by Tetherin/CD317/BST-2
HiroshimaJMedSci_61_59.pdf 465 KB
Tetherin (also known as BST-2 or CD317) has recently been identified as a potent IFN-induced anti-viral protein that inhibits the release of diverse enveloped virus particles from infected cells. The anti-viral activity of tetherin on a number of enveloped viruses, including retroviruses, filoviruses and arenaviruses, has been examined. Here, we show that tetherin is also capable of blocking the release of virus-like particles (VLPs) driven by the matrix protein of Sendai virus. Together with inhibition of Nipah virus VLP release by tetherin, these results indicate that paramyxoviruses are to be added to the list of viruses that are susceptible to tetherin inhibition. Tetherin co-localized with Nipah virus matrix proteins and accumulated in cells, indicating that it is present at, or recruited to, sites of particle assembly. It should be noted, however, that tetherin was not effective against the release of paramyxovirus mumps VLPs, indicating that certain enveloped viruses may not be sensitive to tetherin activity.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press
(c) Hiroshima University Medical Press.