進路面談における高校教師の指導力の違いと同僚との相談体験 : 初任,中堅,ベテラン教師のPAC(個人別態度構造)分析による比較
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What makes differences in the guidance counseling ability of high school teachers : a comparison of career levels of high school teachers and teamwork levels of their school by PAC (Personal Attitude Construct) analysis
high school teacher
The purpose of this study was to examine the following points by comparing the attitude constructs in career counseling among high school teachers who have different teaching experience; (1) do more experienced teachers have more sophisticated guidance abilities than less experienced teachers ?; and (2) are there any relations between teaching lengths and counseling skills acquired through collaborating with colleagues ? PAC analysis performed with three teachers (less experienced teacher, A; middle experienced teacher, C; and more experienced teacher, F) indicated that A and C, with coping skills limited to the range of their own abilities, feel confident in the manageable issues, but, anxious in the unmanageable issues. On the other hand, F attaches more importance to human relations with her students, thinking together and checking unknown issues. This teacher feels confident in her flexible coping skills unlimited by the range of her abilities, not anxious in her interviews. The results revealed: (a) more experienced teachers do not necessarily have more sophisticated guidance abilities than less experienced teachers; and (b) high school teachers, despite their career teaching lengths, do not develop many counseling skills through collaborating with colleagues. Also identified were needs for further studies on how to be informed, and how to learn the good skills of other teachers' for their career counseling each other.
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