ラムサール条約湿地に対するイメージの日韓差 : 韓国の厳しい湿地保護制度が受容される背景
Why Koreans Agree to Strict Preservation Policies for Wetlands? : An Internet Survey on Differences in the Perception of Ramsar Sites in Korea and Japan
Republic of Korea
This paper aims to explore through an Internet-based questionnaire survey why Koreans agree to the strict preservation policies for wetlands. Compared with our previous survey in Japan (Asano et al., 2013a), it is pointed out that the level of awareness of the Ramsar sites among Koreans is not so different from Japan, i.e. generally low. In Korea, however, there are some cases that have succeeded in mobilizing the wetland as tourism resources after the Ramsar site designation, such as Suncheon Bay and Upo Wetland. In general, Koreans show a stronger intention to visit Ramsar sites than Japanese. Moreover, they have more diverse interests in activities at Ramsar sites than the Japanese. Koreans tend to prefer outdoor activities at Ramsar sites. Successful experiences in using the Ramsar designation for tourism promotion as well as popular interest in visiting the Ramsar sites might be some of the reasons that make local governments in Korea consider the Ramsar convention as a tool for regional development, especially tourism development. These factors might also help local governments to facilitate strict regulations for the conservation of wetlands. As a result, the Ramsar Convention is perceived as a system for tourism development, a policy for improvement of local livelihood, and even a symbol or pride for locals. On the other hand, in the survey, those respondents who are interested in visiting Ramsar sites perceive them as a system for natural conservation. But they also regard Ramsar sites as a symbol and/or pride of each region. All these factors help the Ramsar Convention to be perceived positively, resulting in reduced potential for conflicts among locals.
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