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ID 48677
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著者
Ishihara, Yasuhiro 大学院統合生命科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
Itoh, Kouichi
Oguro, Ami 大学院統合生命科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
Chiba, Yoichi
Ueno, Masaki
Tsuji, Mayumi
Vogel, Christoph F. A.
Yamazaki, Takeshi 大学院統合生命科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
抄録(英)
Methylmercury (MeHg) is well known to induce auditory disorders such as dysarthria. When we performed a global analysis on the brains of mice exposed to MeHg by magnetic resonance imaging, an increase in the T1 signal in the inferior colliculus (IC), which is localized in the auditory pathway, was observed. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the pathophysiology and auditory dysfunction induced by MeHg, focusing on the IC. Measurement of the auditory brainstem response revealed increases in latency and decreases in threshold in the IC of mice exposed to MeHg for 4 weeks compared with vehicle mice. Incoordination in MeHg-exposed mice was noted after 6 weeks of exposure, indicating that IC dysfunction occurs earlier than incoordination. There was no change in the number of neurons or microglial activity, while the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein, a marker for astrocytic activity, was elevated in the IC of MeHg-exposed mice after 4 weeks of exposure, indicating that astrogliosis occurs in the IC. Suppression of astrogliosis by treatment with fluorocitrate exacerbated the latency and threshold in the IC evaluated by the auditory brainstem response. Therefore, astrocytes in the IC are considered to play a protective role in the auditory pathway. Astrocytes exposed to MeHg increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the IC, suggesting that astrocytic brain-derived neurotrophic factor is a potent protectant in the IC. This study showed that astrogliosis in the IC could be an adaptive response to MeHg toxicity. The overall toxicity of MeHg might be determined on the basis of the balance between MeHg-mediated injury to neurons and protective responses from astrocytes.
内容記述
This work was partly supported by a KAKENHI grant from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, grant numbers 15KK0024 and 17H04714 to Y.I. and 17K00569 to T.Y. This work was also financially supported in part by Tokushima Bunri University. This manuscript has been reviewed by a professional language editing service (American Journal Experts).
掲載誌名
Scientific Reports
9巻
1号
開始ページ
13899
出版年月日
2019-09-25
出版者
Nature Research
ISSN
2045-2322
出版者DOI
PubMedID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
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© The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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統合生命科学研究科