作文の表現と理解に関する研究 : 作文の構造的特徴と読み手の評価との関係
Production and comprehension processes of compositions : The relationships between the structural characteristics of the compositions and the readers' evaluation of the compositions.
production of composition
comprehension of composition
quantification method of Type-I
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the structural characteristics of the compositions on the readers' evaluation of the compositions. The structures of the compositions written by 36 university students were analyzed based on a schema model for composition, and other 8 students evaluated compositions on four specified scales. The quantification methods of Type-I were performed in order to analyze how the rated score on each scale was affected by the structural characteristics of the compositions. The major results indicated that (1) the type of the opening sentence had the most prominent influences on the rated scores of the compositions; and (2) the structural characteristics of the compositions produced differential effects on the rated scores on four different evaluation scales. Finally, necessary conditions for enhancing the total scores of four scales were presented and the theoretical implications were discussed.