The matrix vesicle cargo miR-125b accumulates in the bone matrix, inhibiting bone resorption in mice
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Yoshioka, Hirotaka 大学院医歯薬保健学研究院（歯）
Kozai, Katsuyuki 大学院医系科学研究科（歯）
Takei, Yuichiro 大学院医歯薬保健学研究院（歯）
Communication between osteoblasts and osteoclasts plays a key role in bone metabolism. We describe here an unexpected role for matrix vesicles (MVs), which bud from boneforming osteoblasts and have a well-established role in initiation of bone mineralization, in osteoclastogenesis. We show that the MV cargo miR-125b accumulates in the bone matrix, with increased accumulation in transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing miR-125b in osteoblasts. Bone formation and osteoblasts in Tg mice are normal, but the number of bone-resorbing osteoclasts is reduced, leading to higher trabecular bone mass. miR-125b in the bone matrix targets and degrades Prdm1, a transcriptional repressor of anti-osteoclastogenic factors, in osteoclast precursors. Overexpressing miR-125b in osteoblasts abrogates bone loss in different mouse models. Our results show that the MV cargo miR-125b is a regulatory element of osteoblast-osteoclast communication, and that bone matrix provides extracellular storage of miR-125b that is functionally active in bone resorption.
T.M. and Y.T. were supported in part by MEXT KAKENHI (JP16K11443, T.M.; JP26861548, Y.T.). Y.Y. was supported by MEXT KAKENHI (JP18K19647), the Raffinee International Foundation and the Ono Pharmaceutical Foundation.
Supplementary information is available for this paper at https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-020-0754-2.
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