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ID 48624
本文ファイル
著者
Matsumoto, Masatoshi 大学院医歯薬保健学研究科(医) 広大研究者総覧
Takeuchi, Keisuke 大学院医歯薬保健学研究院
Tanaka, Junko 大学院医歯薬保健学研究科(医) 広大研究者総覧
Tazuma, Susumu 病院(医)
Inoue, Kazuo
Owaki, Tetsuhiro
Iguchi, Seitaro
Maeda, Takahiro
抄録(英)
Introduction: Given the shortage of physicians, particularly in rural areas, the Japanese government has rapidly expanded the number of medical school students by adding chiikiwaku (regional quotas) since 2008. Quota entrants now account for 17% of all medical school entrants. Quota entrants are usually local high school graduates who receive a scholarship from the prefecture government. In exchange, they temporarily practise in that prefecture, including its rural areas, after graduation. Many prefectures also have scholarship programmes for non-quota students in exchange for postgraduate in-prefecture practice. The objective of this cohort study, conducted by the Japanese Council for Community-based Medical Education, is to evaluate the outcomes of the quota admission system and prefecture scholarship programmes nationwide.
Methods and analysis: There are 3 groups of study participants: quota without scholarship, quota with scholarship and non-quota with scholarship. Under the support of government ministries and the Association of Japan Medical Colleges, and participation of all prefectures and medical schools, passing rate of the National Physician License Examination, scholarship buy-out rate, geographic distribution and specialties distribution of each group are analysed. Participants who voluntarily participated are followed by linking their baseline information to data in the government’s biennial Physician Census. Results to date have shown that, despite medical schools’ concerns about academic quality, the passing rate of the National Physician License Examination in each group was higher than that of all medical school graduates.
Ethics and dissemination: The Ethics Committee for Epidemiological Research of Hiroshima University and the Research Ethics Committee of Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences permitted this study. No individually identifiable results will be presented in conferences or published in journals. The aggregated results will be reported to concerned government ministries, associations, prefectures and medical schools as data for future policy planning.
内容記述
This study is funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), grant number (25460803).
掲載誌名
BMJ Open
6巻
4号
開始ページ
e011165
出版年月日
2016-04-15
出版者
BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN
2044-6055
出版者DOI
PubMedID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
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publisher
権利情報
Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
関連情報URL
部局名
医歯薬保健学研究科
病院