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ID 32151
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別タイトル
Qualitative research on the mechanism of choking under pressure
著者
村山 孝之
田中 美吏
キーワード
grounded-theory approach
safe strategy
changes in perception and motor control
physical fatigue
vicious circle of choking
グラウンデッドセオリーアプローチ
安全性重視方略
知覚運動制御の変化
身体的疲労
「あがり」の悪循環
NDC
スポーツ・体育
抄録(英)
The objective of this study was to propose an inductive model for the process of choking under pressure by qualitatively investigating factors related to choking and their relationships. Thirteen athletes (M=7, F=6) on the varsity in soft tennis, football, basketball, badminton, and archery teams participated in a semi-structured interview in which questions concerning the conditions, symptoms, causes, coping strategies, and social support for choking were asked for approximately one hour. The verbal protocols from the interview were analyzed by a Grounded-Theory Approach (GTA). The results of the GTA produced a model consisting of the following 13 categories: (1) stressor, (2) pre-competition condition, (3) individual characteristics, (4) irrational belief, (5) negative affect, (6) safe strategy, (7) verbal and behavioral changes, (8) activation of physiological arousal level, (9) physical fatigue, (10) changes in perception and motor control, (11) performance decrements, (12) coping strategy, and (13) vicious circle.

This model emphasizes the categories of safe strategy, changes in perception and motor control, and physical fatigue, which are directly related to decrements in performance. In addition, the model points out the importance of the vicious circle of choking. Hypotheses proposed to explain the choking phenomenon in previous studies, such as those involving conscious control and processing resource shortages, focused on attentional changes. It is, however, necessary to consider other factors as well, such as the strategy, perceptual and movement characteristics, physical fatigue, and circulatory process in order to understand the mechanism of choking.
掲載誌名
体育學研究
54巻
2号
開始ページ
263
終了ページ
277
出版年月日
2009-12
出版者
日本体育学会
ISSN
0484-6710
NCID
出版者DOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2010 社団法人 日本体育学会
この論文の著作権は(社)日本体育学会に帰属します
関連情報URL(IsVersionOf)
http://dx.doi.org/10.5432/jjpehss.a540202
部局名
総合科学研究科
生物圏科学研究科