Lattice instability and elastic dispersion due to the rattling motion in the type-I clathrate Ba_8Ga_<16>Sn_<30>
PhysRevB.85.085101.pdf 975 KB
Fujita, Takahiro K.
Marcos A. Avila
To investigate the off-center rattling motion and its charge-carrier dependence in type-I clathrate compounds, we carried out ultrasonic measurements on type-I Ba8Ga16Sn30 and a reference compound, K8Ga8Sn38. We found elastic softening of C44 originating from a lattice instability due to the off-center rattling motion of Ba atom in Ba8Ga16Sn30. Elastic softening below 1 K suggests that the lattice instability remains at very low temperatures. We also found ultrasonic dispersion which has no mode selectivity. No-mode-selective ultrasonic dispersion in Ba8Ga16Sn30 would be caused by a strong electron-phonon coupling. No charge-carrier dependence is observed between n-type and p-type Ba8Ga16Sn30. The significant softening on the bulk modulus in Ba8Ga16Sn30 contrasts to the continuous hardening in K8Ga8Sn38, indicating the central role of the rattling motion in the softening.
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
(c) 2012 American Physical Society