Comparisons of Internal Behavior after Exposure to Flavobacterium psychrophilum between Two Ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis) Strains Showing Different Cumulative Mortality to Bacterial Cold Water Disease
JVetMedSci_75_1571.pdf 486 KB
Kageyama, Tetsushi 大学院生物圏科学研究科
Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis
Bacterial cold water disease (BCWD) in ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis) has a serious impact on aquaculture and fisheries. There is known to be a significant difference among ayu strains with regard to mortality caused by BCWD. In this study, the immune response of different ayu strains against Flavobacterium psychrophilum infection was observed. One strain was resistant to infection by F. psychrophilum, and the other was susceptible to infection by the same bacteria. The number of bacteria in the body was observed in each ayu strain, and the change in bacterial counts was similar. However, there was a significant difference in bacterial count in the spleen between the two strains on days 6, 9, 12 and 15 after exposure. To observe the immune response against F. psychrophilum, agglutination assay using serum was performed. An agglutination reaction in the resistant ayu strain was observed in 4 out of 6 ayu on day 6 after exposure, while no reactions in the susceptible ayu strain were observed in any sampled fish until day 12. However, some reactions in the susceptible ayu strain were observed in surviving ayu. These results indicate that there is a correlation between the presence of bacterial multiplication and agglutination reaction against F. psychrophilum.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
Copyright (c) 2013 The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science