行動の許容度に及ぼす環境セッティングの効果 : 喫煙行動を中心にして
A Study in the Effects of Environmental Settings on Facilitating Behavior : An ecological approach to examination of smoking behavior
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of environmental settings on smoking behavior. The degree of permission for 28 behaviors, involving smoking behavior, 496 environmental settings (31 places x 16 companions) were measured by some sets of questionnaire. With respect to behaviors, we extracted four factors, which were "active", "internal", "relaxed", and "seeking one's taste" behavior. "Seeking ones taste" behavior involving smoking was more admissible on "free space I" which involved beach, ground, own room, etc., and less admissible on "social restricted space" which involved library, church, office, etc.. Moreover, we found that permission patterns for smoking behavior were different according to environmental settinngs. For example, smoking in own room was more admissibe on the setting with fellows or alone, but less admissible on the settings with parents or a lover.