広島平和科学 39巻
2018-03 発行

人口センサスから見たボスニア・ヘルツェゴヴィナにおける内戦後の民族構成の変容

The transformation of ethnic composition after the civil war viewed from the population census data in Bosnia and Herzegovina
材木 和雄 大学院総合科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
本文ファイル
抄録
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, national population census was conducted in 2013 for the first time after the end of the civil war. The most important aspect in this census is a set of statistics concerning ethnic distribution by settlement of the municipalities in the whole country. There is a same kind of statistics in previous 1991 census. Examining those data in two census, this paper aims to provide an accurate display of how much the effect of the so-called ethnic cleansing, the forced removal of ethnic groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group remain in the most local level of the country.
The investigation of ethnic composition by settlement of 12 municipalities in Central Bosnia Canton reveals that the consequence of forced displacement of the population during the war has not been revised. Most of people who were displaced did not return to the original settlements after the war. As for the displacement of the Bosniaks and the Croats, the author found several municipalities in which a certain amounts of the Bosniaks settlement completely turned into the Croats settlements on one hand, but on the other hand a certain amounts of the Croats settlement transformed into the Bosniaks settlements, as if two ethnic groups exchanged their residential areas. In short the comparative analysis of the ethnic distribution by settlement before and after the war impress the cementation of the results of ethnic cleansing.
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