広島平和科学 13巻
1990 発行

アメリカ合衆国労働者教育運動史研究 その1

History of workers' educational movements in the United States (1)
田村 佳子
本文ファイル
抄録
Workers' education in the United States started as a pioneering movement at the turning of the centuries, developed all over the country in the 19203, and reached its height in of the 1930's. Women workers, college women, and activists of women's movements developed the workers education movement. With this development of Worker's education, women workers began to organize a labor movement for themselves. At first, women workers were a point force for Workers' education within the young labor movement. Grudgingly admitted into organizations by men members, they had to prove they could be good trade unionists. To accomplish their goal they needed political and educational as well as economic opportunities. And as industry expanded and employment of women increased, trade unionism become more important to them. Assisted by the middle-class they were interested in the general advancement of their sex, and first sponsored a cultural program of education. In 1903, they formed the National Women's Trade Union League and began to emphasize industrial information and instruction in methods of labor organization. And this organization started the 'Training School for Active Workers in the Labor Movement' in 1914. This study attempts to survey workers' educatinal movements until 1920 and examine their meanings for women workers.
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