Regarding the Inner Mongolian Nationalist Movement in modern history particularly that from 1924, the researchers are convinced that there were two distinct types of nationalist movements: traditional power elites’ movement and people-oriented elites’ movement. A lot of researchers claimed that the self-determination movement of the People’s Revolutionary Party of Inner Mongolia (PRPIM) in the period between 1925 and 1927 was a representative people-oriented elites’ Movement. But from the beginning, the party was under the strong influence of democracy and always contained the possibilities, and sometimes the active symptoms, of a political revolt against the ruling princes, namely traditional power elites.
On the other hand, the ruling princes and their staffs formed a nationalist movement organizational theory. I use the term “unifi ed action of banner-league” to explain the theory. Wu Heling strived to unite the two types of nationalist by inviting the former member of the PRPIM to the unified action of banner-league. But his movement was failed because of the unbalance between the republicanism that comes from his activity. Demchugdongrob (one of the princes in Inner Mongolia) strived to fix it.
This study attempts to discuss the philosophical framework of nationalist movement organization in the period between 1924 and 1933, by focusing on Bai Yunti, Wu Heling, Guo Daofu, and Demchugdongrob’s thoughts.