大学論集 51号
2019-03 発行

戦後大学改革における外国語教育の「補助科目」化 : 大学基準協会内の言説に基づいて

How were Foreign Language Courses Excluded from General Education Curriculum in Post-war Reforms: A Study on the Transition of the Discourses inside JUAA
樊 怡舟
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This study focuses on the sudden exclusion of foreign languages from the General Education curriculum that occurred in 1950, according to the wishes of the Japan University Assurance Association (JUAA). The study seeks to investigate the cause of this change, and clarify its background: a change in attitudes towards foreign language courses and the general education curriculum.
For this purpose, a historical approach is applied to the discourses prevalent inside JUAA from 1947 to 1951. Analyzing who takes part in the discussion, the transition of discourses inside JUAA can be divided into three periods: the first, before Oct. of 1947, when there was still only the Committee for University standards inside JUAA; the second, from Oct. of 1947 to Feb. of 1948, when all matters about curricula were separately discussed by committees for each major subject; and the third, after Feb. of 1948, when the Committee for General Education was established and came to take charge of all discussions on General Education.
Through this division, I find that there was a strong relationship between the results of a discussion and the objective of the discussion. Thus, the establishment of the Committee for General Education can begin to explain why Foreign Language courses were excluded so suddenly. Moreover, by analyzing the discourse of the Committee for General Education, it is obvious that foreign language courses were excluded in order to ensure the structure of general education curriculum be precisely balanced between “Nature Science,” “Social Science,” and “Humanity.”
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