大学論集 49号
2017-03 発行

中国の高等職業教育機関における入学者選抜方法に関する考察

A Study on the Admission System for Higher Vocational Schools in China
南部 広孝
張 潔麗
本文ファイル
抄録
Since the 1980’s, the Chinese government has been modifying the admission system of her higher education institutions, through the introduction of “Independent Admissions”; “Admissions Based on Recommendation”; and other selection systems as well as the reform of the National Higher Education Entrance Examination. These reforms have brought diversification of the admission system to some extent. Meanwhile, vocational education in China’s higher education has been developing since the 1980’s, and has been clearly established as a component of the higher education system after establishing laws on vocational education and higher education in the 1990’s.
This article analyzes the current status and features of the diversification of the admission system in China’s higher education, focusing mainly on the admission system for higher vocational schools. The article describes how the higher vocational education has developed and advanced, and expounds upon and analyses some selection methods in admission system for the higher vocational schools. As a result of the analysis, two features of diversification have been clarified. Firstly, the test on the examinees’ vocational knowledge and abilities has been added as one of the selection methods. Secondly, the Comprehensive Quality Evaluation, which presents the daily overall performance in the examinees' senior high school, and the result of Scholastic Ability Test, which measures examinees' academic performance in senior high school, are taken into account in the selection process. There is every possibility that the more multiplied diversification in the admission system for the higher vocational schools will result in a major impact on the entire admission system for China's higher education institutions.
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