The purpose of the present study was to clarify the knowledge and skills acquired during technology education that are necessary for the cultivation of crops. Knowledge and skills were organized hierarchically based on the standards for technology teacher training proposed by the Japan Society of Technology Education. As a result, basic knowledge and skills required for learning activities and teaching guidance were classified as large (4items), medium (9items) and small (18items). Learning processes regarding the cultivation of crops were examined from structure of medium classification as 'crops', 'environment and society', 'breeding management', 'growth management', 'management and adjustment of soil', 'protection of crops', 'weather management', 'cultivation planning', and 'cultivation practice'. This structure have the framework of two learning processes, and these processes were compared with the composition of the authorized textbook.