広島大学日本語教育研究 25号
2015-03-25 発行

タスク研究におけるタスク効果の指標 : 意味交渉・訂正フィードバック・Language Related Episodeの違いに着目して

Measures of Task Effects: Comparison among Negotiation of Meaning, Corrective Feedback, and Language-Related Episode
木村 典子
伊藤 亜希
黒田 亮子
畑佐 由紀子 大学院教育学研究科 広大研究者総覧
本文ファイル
抄録
A growing number of task studies have examined which tasks provide increased focus in language forms incidents. Researchers have used negotiation of meaning, corrective feedback. and language-related episodes (LREs) as measures of focus. However, each measure relates to different aspects of dialogue. Therefore, the results of task studies may differ depending on the measure employed. The present study was conducted to investigate which measure extracts more focus-on-form incidents regarding grammar. The participants were 20 low-intermediate-level and 14 high-intermediate-level students undertaking an intensive Japanese-language program in the United States. Using two conversation tasks, I made a comparison of how the frequency of focus-on-form incidents differed with the three measures. I found that each measure resulted in a different number of focus-on-form incidents. Regardless of the students' ability level, LREs produced the greatest number of focus-on-form incidents. Negotiation of meaning has been utilized as a measure for focus-on-form incidents in many task studies; however, it extracted hardly any focus-on-form incidents in the present investigation.
キーワード
意味交渉
訂正フィードバック
Language Related Episode
タスク
権利情報
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