Tsugiyoshi Doi is known for applying the Morelli method to the study of early modern Japanese painting, especially wall and sliding panel paintings (Shoheki-ga ). The Morelli method is the way of identifying the artist from detailed expressions that the artist is not aware of. The details of when the Morelli method was introduced to Japan and brought into art history research have not been clarified. In this study, I traced the reception of the Morelli method in Japan prior to Doi’s research, in order to examine how the Morelli method came to be used in Doi’s research. By examining journal articles, I found that the earliest introductions of the Morelli method to Japan were the statements made by Tenshin Okakura and Toru Iwamura. I also confirmed the relationship of Doi’s research with the one by Kyoson Tsuchida, who used the method of comparing details before Doi. Tsuchida’s research, which pursued the issue of author identification of Shohekiga in a new way in the same place, Kyoto, had a significant impact on Doi. Doi’s studies are foundational in the current study of Japanese art history. It would be worthwhile to explore the origin of his characteristic methods.