In this paper, I discuss about the aesthetics of sculpture by using “Seeing-in” theory that is advocated by Richard Wollheim (1923-2003). He emphasized that the features of perceptive sense are important for us to explain the aesthetic experience of picture. Philosophers often refer to not only representational content, but actual three-dimensional space, when disputing about distinctive aesthetic properties of sculpture, so it is suitable to apply this theory to sculpture. However how do we evaluate this relationship in appreciating sculpture? I tackle this question comparing the aesthetic experience of a pictorial and sculptural work.
It is obvious that appreciators’ actual point of view is relevant to aesthetic experience of them, however there are clear difference in those. In order to clarify this difference, I suggest two ways. Firstly, I compare with the experience of picture and sculpture by analyzing the relationship with representational content and actual three-dimensional space. Secondly, I compare with the visual deception of trompe-l'oeil and visual perception of sculpture. Through this consideration, I provide a way to investigate the distinctive aesthetic properties of sculpture.