広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 68号
2019-12-20 発行

日本語学習者の文章聴解における空間的状況モデルの構築 : 言語性・視空間ワーキングメモリ容量を操作した実験的検討

Construction of Spatial Mental Representation in Japanese Learners’ Listening: An Experimental Analysis using Manipulation of Verbal and Visuo-spatial Working Memory Capacities
林 韻
常 笑
徐 婕
松見 法男 大学院教育学研究科 広大研究者総覧
本文ファイル
抄録
We investigated the effects of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory (WM) capacities on spatial mental representation in second language listening by manipulating the length of the materials. In the experiment, an advanced class of Chinese learners learning Japanese were separated into four groups according to their verbal and visuo-spatial WM capacities. The learners were required to react to a judgement task in which they must judge whether the picture shown on the computer matches the sentences they had listened to previously. Two or four sentences were used in each trial. The correct rate and reaction time were used as dependent variables. As a result, only the main effect of the length of the materials was observed, which suggests that for Japanese learners, constructing a spatial mental representation during listening becomes more difficult with the increased length of the sentences. The results of correct rate and reaction time did not show significant differences among learners with a large capacity for verbal and visuo-spatial WM or those with small capacity. A possible reason for this result is that the experimental materials were not very difficult for advanced learners; therefore, a certain amount of processing resources during task execution was distributed efficiently and appropriately between verbal and visuo-spatial WM.
キーワード
apanese learners
listening
spatial mental representation
verbal working memory
visuo-spatial working memory
日本語学習者
聴解
空間的状況モデル
言語性ワーキングメモリ
視空間ワーキングメモリ