Environmental education in elementary school in Japan is defined as “Moral Education” by the national curriculum. However, environmental education is one of the most important contents in geographical education. This study aims to clarify the contents in elementary geography in the United Kingdom by analyzing the elementary geographical textbook, in order to develop the basic environmental geographical education. And also we want to know how to educate environmental study in elementary school and how to improve it, from the view point of ESD (“Education for Sustainable Development”). Analyzed the elementary geographical textbooks, we find that it is effective for environmental education in UK to use various activities. All geographical textbooks foster problem solving abilities by using geographical activities and rearing scientific thinking.