広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 64号
2015-12-18 発行

上級日本語学習者による普通体へのスタイルシフト : インフォーマルスタイルに着目して

Style Shift to Plain Form in Advanced Learners of Japanese : Focusing on Informal-Style
岡崎 渉
本文ファイル
抄録
This paper investigates the usage of informal-style (IF) by advanced learners of Japanese as a second language when they shift from a formal (polite) speech style into an informal (plain) version. The data consists of fifteen dyads between native and non-native speakers who meet for the first time. The results show there was negligible difference in the plain form usage between learners and native speakers, but the learners used IF proportionally more than native speakers. The analysis of sentence final particles, rising intonation, and WH-questions in the learners’ IF forms revealed that the learners’ use of plain forms became IF in the following two occasions: First, the learners expressed a spontaneous emotional reaction, and the plain form was accompanied by the particle YO, NE, or rising intonation. Second, they used rising intonation but did not use self-monitoring discourse markers in monologues.
キーワード
上級日本語学習者
普通体
インフォーマルスタイル
スピーチスタイル
スタイルシフト
advanced learners of Japanese
plain form
informal style
speech style
style shift