The purpose of this paper is to identify the type of communication in social studies class through qualitative research methods, and to clarify its effects on the growth of children’s thought. Therefore, the consideration in this paper focuses on the following two. First, reexamination and reclassification of previous researches based on communication, the metaprinciple of 'class' and 'society'. Second, to understand the type of communication and its features in social studies class. Analysis of the social studies classroom communication in this study, have the characteristics and significance of the following two. First, it suggested the view of social studies lesson study focus on characteristic of the communication is metaprinciple of class and society. Second, it focuses on the characteristics of the social studies classes as a communication process, and explored reveal qualitative research methods and their characteristics communication types in social studies class process.