広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 62号
2013-12-20 発行

教室談話における教師の「笑い」 : 初級学習者を対象とした日本語授業の場合

Teacher's Laugh in Classroom : In the Case of the Novice Japanese Class
木村 典子
伊藤 亜希
福原 涼子
本田 雅美
今里 葵
本文ファイル
抄録
This study investigated in what kind of situations a teacher had used "laughter" during instruction. In order to examine the functions of laughter, the scenes where a teacher performed "laughter" in the novice Japanese class were analyzed. The data were obtained from novice Japanese class with one Japanese teacher and eight learners. From the result, it was revealed that there are three situations where the teacher used laughter:1)the situation that the teacher reacted to learners making others to laugh, 2)the situation that the teacher reacted to learners who didn't make others to laugh, 3)the situation that the teacher laughed in her own. As a result of having analyzed three types of laughter in detail, we suggest the three possibilities of reasons that the teacher used laughter; 1) to make the atmosphere of the class better, 2) to avoid face threatening act of both the teacher and students, 3) to help students easily follow the class.
キーワード
Classroom discourse
Teacher's laugh
Novice Japanese student as a second language
教室談話
教師の笑い
日本語初級学習者
SelfDOI