The purpose of this paper is to clarify as the critical concept in the reading instruction theory of Literature' works. This paper is compared "A national language education of educational science", Especially, I examine it that ten years since issue the first number and ten years date from present. As a result, it was clear that critical concept in the present. In addition to this, it is saw the prob lems have been arguing "critical reading" not only Before the war, Wartime but also After the war. I discuss the subject from reading instruction on literary works point of view, a lot of theory by researcher and practices by teachers. It shows significance that a training that pupils' and students' ability of critical reading and thinking. It has been not changed a critical concept and the idea and attitude that makes much of guide critical concept, however, it has been changed that the instruction method and concept of the phrase on "critical".