広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 62号
2013-12-20 発行

中国における保育の現状

The Current Situation of Child Care in China
張 育慶
本文ファイル
抄録
China, the education of 0-6 years old is called preschool education, including the nursery conservation of 0-3 years old and the kindergarten education of 3-6 years old. With the Market-Oriented Reforms of China's Enterprises in the 1990s, preschool education has also changed. When the system of state-owned enterprises has been reformed, some corporate well-being kindergartens disappeared. In order to satisfy the needs of childcare from parents, a large amount of private kindergartens have been established. However, there are some problems of preschool education. On the subject of imbalance development of kindergarten problems, this paper divides China into 4 areas to analyze the gross enrollment rate, the number of children per teacher, the rate of professional teacher and expenses from GDP budget for education. In addition, some social problems such as "difficult to kindergarten", "cost so much to kindergarten" in urban areas have also appeared. This paper will analyze the problem of preschool education in China and recommends measures to solve these problems.
キーワード
child care
preschool education
kindergarten
保育
学前保育
幼児園
SelfDOI