広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 62号
2013-12-20 発行

科学的思考力としての「問題の区別」に関する研究 : 小学校理科における学習指導法の考案

A Study on "Distinction of the Problem" as the Scientific Thinking : Development of the Teaching Method in Elementary School Science
川﨑 弘作
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抄録
The purpose of this study is to devise the teaching method to develop the ability to distinguish whether we can investigate the problem. We call it "distinction of the problem". The teaching method has two features: (1) Letting them distinguish whether they can investigate the problem in a problem setting scene, (2) Letting them use the worksheet about the way of thinking to distinguish the problem. This teaching method was administered to the 64 sixth graders to investigate the availability of this new method. As a result of this research, the score of the post-test is significantly higher than the score of pre-test that measure the ability about "distinction of the problem". Therefore, the teaching method of this study is effective to development of this ability.
キーワード
distinction of the problem
scientific thinking
way of thinking
scaffolding
elementary school
問題の区別
科学的思考力
思考の仕方
足場かけ
小学校
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