広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 62号
2013-12-20 発行

理科学習における大学生の批判的思考に関する調査研究

A Research Study on the Critical Thinking of University Students in Science
山中 真悟
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抄録
This study was intended to clarify the reality of critical thinking of university students in science and the structure of factors that affect it. A questionnaire consisting of 25 items was administered to 213 first-year university students aspiring to be teachers of elementary, junior high and senior high schools to achieve this end.

The results indicated the following characteristics of the reality of critical thinking: (a) "emphasis on rationale" and "emphasis on evidence" is significantly lower than "reflective thinking" and "curiosity", and (b) "healthy skepticism" is significantly lower than all factors other than "emphasis on evidence." In addition, the results revealed the following as the structure of factors that affect critical thinking: (c) "emphasis on rationale" and "emphasis on evidence" affects "reflective thinking", (d) "healthy skepticism" affects both "emphasis on rationale" and "emphasis on evidence", which are keys to "reflective thinking", and (e) "curiosity" affects "emphasis on evidence".
キーワード
University Students
Critical Thinking
Structure of Factors
Questionnaire Survey
大学生
批判的思考
要因構造
質問紙調査
SelfDOI