広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 60号
2011-12-22 発行

外国語としての日本語の授業におけるタスクタイプと学習者の発話と焦点化の分析

An Analysis of Task Types, L2 Learners' Focus, and Their Production in Japanese as a Foreign Language Classrooms
藤原 ゆかり
本文ファイル
抄録
Pair work activities support natural communication and facilitate students' selfdirected learning (Johnson & Johnson, 1992). Recently, negotiation of form and meaning through peer-interaction during the pair/group work is found facilitative in second language acquisition (Long, 1996; Swain & Lapkin, 2001; Pica, 2008). However, little is known about its effectiveness in Japanese language settings since preceding researches are grounded on Indo-European language settings. Therefore, the data from the tasks performed in actual Japanese classes were analyzed to investigate this argument.

The speech length, accuracy, and complexity, as well as the number of language related and form-meaning negotiation episodes, were analyzed using 12 hours of recorded data from the intermediate and advanced levels. The results show that the higher proficiency learners produced more complex but less accurate utterances. The speech length is affected by the task types rather than the proficiency levels. In addition, intermediate and advanced learners paid little attention to forms during pair and group work.
キーワード
pair work
task type
focus on form
ペアワーク
タスクタイプ
焦点化
SelfDOI