広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 59号
2010-12-24 発行

日本語の条件表現の習得研究 : L1幼児の縦断的発話データの分析から

A Study of the Acquisition of Japanese Conditional Expressions : Based on the analysis of longitudinal L1 data of Japanese infan
崔 延朱
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抄録
The present study aims at examining the validity of Akatsuka and Clancy (1993) and Solvang (2004a, b), who made contradictory claims about the development of conditional expressions in Japanese. Focusing on forms and meanings, the use and development of three conditional expressions (-tara, -to, -ba) found in four infants' longitudinal data are analyzed in two studies. The results showed the following common tendencies among the children; (1) conditional expressions initially appear as a specific form with a specific function, indicating a single form-function mapping. (2) The use of conditional expressions spreads from the demotic modality (D conditional) to other forms of conditionals, even though the data characteristics are different between the two studies. These results support Akatsuka and Clancy's claim (1993) but not Solvang (2004b), in that the Japanese infant's conditional expression starts from a specific meaning function and the linguistic form like D conditional acquisition, and usually extends to to more diverse conditional forms and functions.
キーワード
conditional expressions
longitudinal data
L1 data of infant
acquisition process
条件表現
縦断研究
L1幼児
習得過程
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