The purpose of this paper is to examine the educational significance and vision of the self-evaluation activity on learning process in hand sewing class in home economics education. The review of evaluation research about learning process in hand sewing class showed that self-evaluation activity about making process was reflected for learners' individual changes. While, there were two subjects: self-evaluation ability was associated meaning to execute their learning activity as handicraft-learning, and to consider the evaluation object. There were three levels on the handicraft-learning, activity-act-operation according to the activity theory (A, N. Leontiev, 1975). The handicraft-learning activity was composed of production activity and self-evaluation activity, and of three stages: (A) plan and design, (B) making (cut, sewing, decoration), (C) work evaluation. To examine the evaluation object about self-evaluation activity on these stages, internal operations depended on external operations for each act. This framework suggested that the internal operation of self-evaluation activity was needed for teachers and learners for each evaluation.