広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 56号
2007-12-28 発行

幼児・児童の音高弁別能力に関する横断的調査

A Cross-sectional Study on Infant's and Elementary School Student's Pitch Discrimination Ability
小長野 隆太
本文ファイル
抄録
A cross-sectional study on pitch discrimination abilities of 4 and 5 years old children and elementary school from first to sixth grade students was conducted. The following results were obtained: (1) 5 years old children had more accurate pitch discrimination abilities than 4 years old children. Third grade students had more accurate pitch discrimination abilities than second grade students. Fourth grade students had more accurate pitch discrimination abilities than third grade students. The infants and the elementary school students who had met private musical instruction had more accurate pitch discrimination abilities than the infants and the elementary school students who had met no private musical instruction. (2) The narrower the differences between two pitches were, the more incorrectly infants determined whether the two pitches were same or different. When first pitch was minor third lower than second pitch, elementary school students except sixth grade students determined which pitch was higher or lower more correctly than when first pitch was major third higher than second pitch. When first pitch was minor second lower than second pitch, elementary school students except third and fourth grade students determined which pitch was higher or lower more correctly than when first pitch was major second higher than second pitch. (3) Regarding infants and elementary school students with inaccurate pitch discrimination abilities, there were many infants and elementary school students with inaccurate vocal pitch matching skills.
キーワード
infant
elementary school student
pitch discrimination ability
vocal pitch matching skill
vocal pitch accuracy in singing
幼児
児童
音高弁別能力
音高再生スキル
「歌唱の音高の正確さ」
SelfDOI