広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 56号
2007-12-28 発行

使役的他動詞文の成立条件 : 語用論的な条件の検討を中心に

Usage Conditions for Causative-Transitive Sentences : A look at pragmatic conditions
鈴木 容子
本文ファイル
抄録
The causative-transitive sentence is a transitive sentence whose subject is not an actor, and can be rephrased as a causative (ex: Mafia no boss ga keibiin wo koroshita=Mafia no boss ga buka ni keibiin wo korosaseta. (The mafia boss killed the security guard=The mafia boss made/ordered the henchman to kill the security guard)). Although Japanese transitive sentences with non-actor subjects have been studied for a long time, little attention has been given to the causative-transitive sentence. The aim of this paper is to investigate the pragmatic conditions of usage for the causative-transitive sentence. In order to investigate the pragmatics of causative-transitive sentence we used a questionnaire about the interpretation possibilities of such sentences by Japanese native speakers. The results show two pragmatic conditions. One is "the event is difficult to do by oneself", the other is "the event is more abstract". When a transitive sentence satisfies either of these pragmatic conditions, we can interpret a transitive sentence as a Causative-transitive sentence.
キーワード
transitive-sentence
non-actor
causing event
pragmatic factors
cause
他動詞文
非行為者
使役的状況
語用論的要因
原因
SelfDOI