広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 55号
2007-03-28 発行

植物学教科書にみるコケ植物の取り扱いと教材開発への示唆

Bryophytes as Teaching Materials on the Textbook of Botany (The Latter Term of Meiji to the Beginning of Showa) and Suggestions for Development of New Teaching Material
佐藤 崇之
向 平和
大鹿 聖公
本文ファイル
抄録
Bryophytes have some characteristics as teaching material, but it is very difficult to use them in secondary education. Nevertheless, from the latter term of Meiji to the beginning of Showa, there are many teaching materials for natural history.Therefore, we analyzed teaching materials on the textbook of botany that was published at the period, take suggestions for newly development of teaching material. We analyzed composition of textbooks and species of Bryophytes, and compared them to a magazine of pure botanical science. As the results, we found out that as below;1) Almost of all the textbooks were composed such as "Phanerogam→Cryptogam→Morphology/Physiology". These textbooks were easy to learn botany for students.2) Many species were used as teaching material besides the typical species. These were needed for taxonomy or human life.3) The Japanese name of Marchantia polymorpha had not yet decided at the period of using these textbooks.We concluded that if we develop the teaching materials for lifecycles, we can compare each botanical group including Bryophytes and teach the system of botany life. Therefore, Students can deepen their understanding from the suggestion of natural history.
キーワード
Bryophytes
Analysis of Textbook
Textbook of Botany
Teaching Material
Natural History
コケ植物
教科書分析
植物学教科書
教材
博物学
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