広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 54号
2006-03-28 発行

環境倫理学の成立(II) : 初期の環境倫理学論争

The Formation of Philosophical Environmental Ethics (II): Early Controversy over Environmental Ethics in the United States of America
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The aim of this paper is to analyze seminal papers about environmental ethic that were published in 1970s in the United States of America. In my opinion the main points of controversy are need for a new ethic, moral standing of natural objects and naturalistic fallacy. The papers I selected here are following five ones: R. Routley, “Is There a Need for a New, an Environmental Ethic ?" ; J. Feinberg, “The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations" ; C. D. Stone, “Should Trees Have Standing ?" ; K. E. Goodpaster, “On Being Morally Considerable" ; H. Rolston Ⅲ, “Is There an Ecological Ethic ?" Although there are some unsettledness or unclearness in those papers, it is certain that their main ideas had a great influence on the formation of philosophical environmental ethics.
キーワード
環境倫理
新しい倫理
自然物の道徳的地位
自然主義的誤謬
Environmental Ethic
New Ethic
Moral Standing of Natural Objects
Naturalisitic Fellacy
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