広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 53号
2005-03-28 発行

感覚入力の違いが健康成人の安静立位姿勢保持に及ぼす影響 : 頭頂部動揺とCOP動揺の比較に着目して

Influence of specific sensory inputs on standing balance in healthy adults : focused on the difference between head sway and COP sway
張 元
本文ファイル
抄録
As different sensory inputs may lead to different balance control strategy, head sway, which closely influences the visual and vestibular sensorium, is of great significance in human postural control. In the proposed research, we evaluate the effects of sensory input disturbances in healthy adults at quiet standing by comparison between head sway and center of pressure (COP) sway. Twenty subjects (age: 24.3±3.0) without known impairments take part in the test. Head sway measured by the Computer-Aided Cephalogram (CAC) method and COP sway measured by a force plate are evaluated. Experimental conditions: eyes open and eyes closed respectively, hard support surface and soft support surface respectively. Results show that: Compared with that under condition of less sensorium information inputs (eyes closed soft support surface), the standing posture with more sensorium information inputs (eyes open, hard support surface) has the following characteristics: (1) In addition to the ankle, other joints take more effect with the posture maintenance, and thus the body is controlled more flexibly; (2) compared with the sways in A/P direction, the sways in M/L direction which is mechanically more unstable is better controlled. (3) As a consequence of the first two control strategies, the COP and head sways turn to be more moderate with smaller sways.
キーワード
平衡機能評価
頭頂部動揺
足圧中心動揺
姿勢保持
balance assesment
head sway
COP sway
postural control
SelfDOI