広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 53号
2005-03-28 発行

日本語の説明文理解における質問作成の効果に関する一考察 : モニタリングの働きに注目して

The Effects of Self-Questioning on Comprehension of an Expository Text by Learners of Japanese as a Second Language : Focused on the Functioning of Comprehension Monitoring
佐藤 礼子
本文ファイル
抄録
This study aims to investigate the effects of answering given questions and self-question generation on the understanding of main ideas of an expository text. 58 Chinese learners who had studied Japanese for about 1 and a half years in Japanese-language schools in Japan were assigned to one of 3 groups: question answering (QA), question-generation (QG), and read-reread control group. Each group was given the same piece of text to read. The QA group had to answer given questions and the QG group generated their own questions and answers about the main ideas of the text whilst they read. Each group was then given a free recall task and then was given back the text and was asked to circle the main ideas. The results showed that there was no difference in the amount of recall between the 3 groups in the free recall task. However, only the QG group recalled more main ideas than details. The QA and Control groups recalled a similar percentage of main ideas, and that in the later task both the QG group and Control group selected sentences that referred to main ideas. However, the QA group selected sentences that related to the previously given questions, irrespective of main ideas or details. The findings showed that selfquestioning had positively affected the ability to recall main ideas. However, it didn't affect the ability to select main ideas. The results supported previous research that found that the question answering groups' mental process focuses the learner's attention point around the answers to the given questions. These findings implied that self-question generation aids the understanding and memory of the main ideas of an expository text.
キーワード
日本語の文章読解
質問作成
重要部分
モニタリング
L2 reading comprehension
self-questioning
main ideas
comprehension monitoring
SelfDOI