広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域 51号
2003-03-28 発行

日本語学習者との会話における日本人大学生の意識的配慮

Considerations Japanese university students show intentionally in Conversations with Non-native Speakers of Japanese
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抄録
This paper aims to study what native speakers pay attention to when speaking to non-native speakers in daily casual conversations. The 'native speakers' referred to in this paper are Japanese university students with no experience in teaching or learning Japanese Language as a Second/Foreign Language. In this study, the relation between intentional consideration and evaluation will be studied. For this purpose, we conduct the following qualitative research. After 10 minutes of free conversation with Japanese Language learners, 30 Japanese students were asked to elaborate on their opinions about the conversation and the Japanese Language spoken by their partners. They were also asked to list the items they paid attention to during the conversation. As a result, it was found that native speakers showed their concerns in 11 different aspects. Their consideration changed consciously according to the situation and the learners' output. It was obvious that native speakers were especially aware about 'speaking slowly' and 'choosing the right words'. Native speakers also thought that there was necessity for certain considerations in conversations with Japanese Language learners irrespective of their opinions about the learners' output and the conversation. Furthermore, it was determined that intentional consideration is closely related to the features of evaluation as indicated in precedent studies.
キーワード
意識的配慮
母語話者
評価
学習者の言語運用
consideration
native speaker
evaluation
learners' language performance
SelfDOI