広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第一部, 学習開発関連領域 63号
2014-12-19 発行

あいまい状況における視点の転換を促すプログラムの開発

Development of a Program to Shift One’s Viewpoint in Ambiguous Situation
戸田 まり
本文ファイル
抄録
The purpose of this study is to develop a new program to shift one’s viewpoint and to broaden one’s perspective on interpersonal relationships. Several vignettes are made to show relational aggression among students. In each vignette, the main character feels unpleasant feeling because of relational aggression-like behavior of another character such as ignoring in an ambiguous situation. After two pilot studies, 23 college students were asked to join the program. They read vignettes and were asked to speculate various types of reasons why the other character did so if s/he does not have any hostile intention toward the main character. The number of produced reasons, as well as the number of the variety of reasons, significantly increased when participants speculated in groups. The availability of the program is discussed.
キーワード
hostile attribution
ambiguous situation
communication
cognition
college students
敵意帰属
あいまい状況
コミュニケーション
認知
大学生